GOVERNMENT OPIUM & ALKALOID FACTORIES

AT GLANCE

Govt. Opium & Alkaloid Works, NeemuchThe first recorded instance of cultivation of poppy in India in the 15th Century mentions Cambay and Malwa as the places where it was grown. During the days of the Mughal Empire, poppy was extensively grown and it became an important article of trade with China and other Eastern countries. During the later part of the 16th Century, opium was made a State monopoly. However, during the twilight years of the Mughal Empire, the State lost its hold on the monopoly, and control over the production and sale of opium was appropriated by a ring of merchants in Patna. In 1757, the monopoly of the cultivation of poppy passed into the hands of the East India Company who had by that time assumed the responsibility for the collection of revenue in Bengal and Bihar. In 1773, the then Governor General, Lord Warren Hastings brought the entire opium trade under control of theNeemuch Factory Government. Although some changes have taken place over the year in the methods of control of production, distribution, sale and possession of opium, the monopoly remained solely in the hands of the Government. Under the East India Company and afterwards under the British rule, unrestricted cultivation of the poppy and the production of opium were prohibited. The present structure of licit poppy cultivation and production of opium in India under a regular system of control thus dates back to the beginning of the nineteenth century.

Processing of opium in India began with the setting up of the opium factory in 1820 in Ghazipur (U.P.), a town of Eastern U.P. located on the banks of the River Ganga. Later an alkaloid plant was set up a Ghazipur in 1943 during the period of World War II. The Opium and Alkaloid Plants of Ghazipur are spread over an area of about 43 acres.

Ghazipur FactoryThe second plant for processing opium and manufacture of alkaloids located in Neemuch district of M.P., which is approximately 5 kms. from the eastern border of Rajasthan. It also comprises two separate units namely, the Opium Factory and Alkaloid Works. The Neemuch Opium Factory has been in operation since 1st April, 1935. Initially, there was another Opium Factory at Mandsaur but the same was closed down in the year 1969. The Alkaloid works was inaugurated on 6th October, 1976. The campus has an area of 57,000 sq. mtrs.

The Alkaloid Works at Ghazipur and Neemuch processes raw opium for manufacture of alkaloid/ drugs, namely narcotine, thebaine, papaverine and codeine phosphate. Morphine salts and Codeine Phosphate are the main products supplied to Indian Pharmaceutical Industries. The Alkaloid Works also has its own process control and quality control laboratories to ensure regular monitoring of process samples and stringent quality control. The organization also has a full-fledged Research and Development wing.

The following products are manufactured at the Government Opium and Alkaloid Works undertakings –

  • Codeine Phosphate
  • Codeine Sulphate
  • Cotarnine
  • Dionine
  • Morphine Hydrochloride
  • Morphine Sulphate
  • Narcotine
  • Opium
  • Thebaine

To obtain further information on these products, please contact –

Chief Controller of Factories (or)
General Manager (Commercial)

at the following address –

Government Opium and Alkaloid Factories
27, Saraswati House, 5th Floor
Nehru Place, New Delhi – 110 019
Fax: 011-26440667
Tel.: 011-26417475
E-mail : goaf@vsnl.com

The addresses and phone numbers of their offices and factories are:

Chief Controller, Government Opium & Alkaloid Factories
Morar, Gwalior

Shri Ajesh Kumar, Chief Controller of Factories

0751

2368125 / 2369453

-

Fax

0751

2366987

-

Asstt.. Chief Controller of Factories

0751

2368125

-

Administrative Officer

0751

2368347

-

Chief Controller, Government Opium & Alkaloid Factories
Saraswati House, 27, Nehru Place, New Delhi – 110 019

email:goaf@vsnl.com

FAX No.

011

26440667

-

Shri Ajesh Kumar, Chief Controller of Factories

011

26440749 / 26417475

26490716

Shri A.K.Saxena, General Manager (Commercial)

011

26417475 / 26291077

25757969

Ms. Rachna Chopra, General Manager (Finance)

011

26417475 / 26442748

26012781

Sales Officer

011

26417475

-

Government Opium & Alkaloid Works Undertaking
Neemuch

FAX No.

07423

220647

-

Dr. Sadhana Banerjee, General Manager

07423

220199

220195

Manager

07423

220444

220389

Government Opium & Alkaloid Works Undertaking
Ghazipur

FAX No.

0548

2220601

-

Dr. Prem Chandra, General Manager

0548

2220237

2220228

Manager

0548

2221201

2220556

 

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